The 1901, but current, Alabama Constitution has been amended about 950 times, making it by far the world’s longest constitution. 

The amendments have riddled the Constitution with redundancies while maintaining language and provisions, e.g., poll taxes, that reflect the racist intent of those who originally wrote it. 

A recompilation will bring order to the amendments and remove obsolete language. While much of this language is no longer valid, the language is still in the document and has been noted and used by other states when competing with Alabama for economic growth opportunities.

The need for recompilation and cleaning of Alabama’s Constitution has been long recognized. 

In 2019, the Legislature unanimously adopted legislation, Amendment 4, to provide for its recompilation. Amendment 4, on the November 3 general election ballot, will allow the non-partisan Legislative Reference Service (LRS) to draft a recompiled and cleaned up version of the Constitution for submission to the Legislature. 

While Amendment 4 prohibits any substantive changes in the Constitution, the LRS will remove duplication, delete no longer-legal provisions and racist language, thereby making our Constitution far more easily understood by all Alabama citizens. 

Upon approval by the Legislature, the recompiled Constitution will be presented to Alabama voters in November of 2022 for ratification.

Amendment 4 authorizes a non-partisan, broadly supported, non-controversial recompilation and much needed overdue cleaning up of our Constitution.  

On November 3, 2020, vote “Yes” on Amendment 4 so the work can begin.


Gerald W. Johnson is an Auburn University Emeritus Professor of Political Science. 

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